The Nigerian Mining and Geosciences Society (NMGS) is a non-profit professional organization. The Society was named at its inception the "Nigerian Mining Geological and Metallurgical Society" to reflect the multi-disciplines of its members. Membership opens to mining engineers, geoscientists and metallurgist. Nigerians and non-Nigerians alike, who have practiced, or are practicing their professions within the country, the Society which was founded in 1961 with ten members, had by 1993, grown to a membership strength of over 6,000. The individual and collective activities of members in their various positions have lead to continued discovery and development the nation's solid minerals, petroleum and gas resources. In addition, the Society continues to exert its influence on government through its yearly international conference themes, annual lectures and presentation of policy papers on minerals, energy and water management and developments. In 1990, the Mining Engineers and Geoscientist Decree 40 was promulgated to regulate the practice of the earth sciences in Nigeria.
The Society was formed on January 15th 1961 in Kaduna when eight Mining Engineers, one Geologist and one Metallurgist met "for the purpose of founding a professional organization that would provide a forum for discussing various topics within the ambit of mining, geosciences and allied professions. A protem Council set up thereafter prepared a Draft Constitution and the "Nigerian Mining, Geological and Metallurgical Society" (NMGMS) was formally inaugurated in Nsukka, on the 17th December, 1962. The Society’s name was modified to “The Nigerian Mining and Geosciences Society” (NMGS) in 1977. Despite the modification of the name, the Society has retained the interdisciplinary character of its membership which has remarkably grown from 10 and 24 respectively at the 15 January, 1961 foundation and the 17 December, 1962 inauguration, to the current strength of over 6,000.